Tutti i libri editi da Vita e Pensiero - libri Studi di Sociologia Vita e Pensiero (219)

Vita e Pensiero

The proposal of humanist constructionism digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 2
Anno: 2011
V. CESAREO - I. VACCARINI, The proposal of humanist constructionism Sociological theory in the twentieth century polarized between collectivist doctrines which asserted social determinism and individualist ones which asserted the autonomous action of atomistically conceived individuals. The late 1900s also saw the advent of a kind of radical individualism which can be labelled «sociological minimalism». «Social constructionism» is the contemporary approach which seeks to reconcile the above polarizations, and it is within its theoretical domain that lies the proposal for a «humanist constructionism» put forward in this article. Humanist constructionism sets value on subjectivity and historicity. On this base it thematizes the person understood as a sociological category, and it crucially refers to the sociology of Max Weber in so far as it is qualified by the existential and historicist dimensions. The distinctive feature of humanist constructionism is its axiological profile founded upon the concept of citizenship. Within contemporary sociology, «humanist constructionism» has a particular elective affinity with the morphogenetic approach of M. Archer. Key words: humanism, constructionism, person, citizenship.
€ 6,00
Alcune note sull’idea di «Big Society» digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 2
Anno: 2011
T. MARCI, Notes on the idea of «Big Society» The aim of this paper is to underline the sociological meaning of the political idea of «Big Society»: an idea that was launched on July 2010 by the Prime Minister David Cameron, leader of the British Conservative Party. The genesis of the «Big Society» was the idea, first articulated by Phillip Blond, that the stifling duopoly of a centralised state and a laissez-faire free market had reached the point of diminishing returns – and that nothing less than a radical, coherent platform for reinvigorating civil society would suffice. In this way, the aim was to create a climate that empowers local people and communities, building a «Big Society» that will take power away from politicians and give it to people. This is a bottom-up vision, not a government program dictated from the state to citizens. «Big Society» is about a cultural change where people don’t always turn to officials, local authorities or central government for answers to the problems they face but instead feel both free and powerful enough to help themselves and their own communities. The paper propose a critical point of view about these problems. Key words: big society, civil society, social enterprises, communities, citizenship.
€ 6,00
Riaprire (al)la complessità. Note per un re-framing socio-antropologico digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 2
Anno: 2011
F. INTROINI, Re-opening complexity. Notes for a socio-anthropological reframing Globalization and its emphasis upon a world society and a world global order in which processes and actors connect in non-linear ways has re-awaken sociology’s social interest for complexity as if complexity itself could be a sort of «new paradigm» able to put social sciences in the best condition to deal with contemporary social world and its apparent non-intellegibility. This contribution aims to sketch a historical pathway in the field of complexity to show how – altought there exists a specifc language and a particular categorical apparatus that seems to legitimate the idea of a «science of complexity» – complexity studies can’t be appropriately thought of in terms of a coherent and unified paradigm, because this would mean to betray complexity itself and its profound anthropological implications. This is the suggestive lesson coming from complexity masters such as Morin, Latour and Urry. Key words: complexity, science, social sciences epistemology, anthropology, (global) order.
€ 6,00
Il rapporto micro-macro nella teoria delle categorie sociologiche di Max Weber digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 2
Anno: 2011
A. MILLEFIORINI, The micro-macro linkage in Max Weber’s Theory of sociological categories This essay intends to point out the micro-macro linkage in the remarks developed by Max Weber in the first volume of Economy and Society, where he outlines his Theory of the Sociological Categories, which gives the title to the volume. Although the micro-macro linkage wasn’t the author’s declared intention, nevertheless, reading the text regarding under this specific perspective, some relevant elements appear; they give a meaningful contribution to the Weber’s sociological theory under this specific aspect too, and so, as we shall see, under the one of the construction of sense in the societies. The great merit of Weber’s work is that he has pointed out that the linkage between micro and macro consists just in the fact that «a right causal interpretation of a concrete acting shows that the external direction and the [internal] reason are recognized as adherent and, in the same time, intelligible in a way that it has got meaning in their connection» (Weber 1999a: 11). In other words, it is necessary an intelligible connection between the «external direction», that is the meaning and the sense that the action of the subject has for the others, thanks to the macro elements above which it is based, and the internal reason, namely the interior motivation of the subject to do that specific action. This is the turning point of the micro-macro linkage Weber has pointed out, and it represents one of the most relevant aspects of all his social theory. Finally we propose, on the bases of the reasonings developed in this work, the substitution of the concept of «objective sense» with that one less rigid of «shared sense» or «evident sense»; it is more capable to give reason of the presence, in the societies, to a time of participation and conflict, communicability and uncommunicability, loyalty, defection and protest, movement and institution, form and life, taxi and cosmos, order and chaos, concordia discors, etc. Key words: micro-macro, sense, construction of sense, objective sense, subjective sense, social theory.
€ 6,00
Tempo, Ritmo e Sociologia digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 3
Anno: 2011
The author presents a concise and peculiar view on the studies and researches which have been developed in the last 30 years or so about the social dimension of time. The article underlies the persisting validity of the idea of time as a socio-cultural institution (Durkheim and his school) and as a social construction (Berger and Luckmann); it also hints at the concept of «temporal culture», which has been rarely employed in studies concerning social times. According to the author, the main transformation concerning social times today is represented by the consequences of globalization and related aspects, such as «agglutination» of experiences concerning communication through space-time. In the last paragraph the question of rhythm in general and particularly of social rhythms is discussed: the author argues that this concept, distinct from time, deserves much more attention than it has received until now by social scientists interested in the subject. Key words: time, rhythm, globalization, network society, values.
€ 6,00
Tempo, Ritmo e Filosofia digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 3
Anno: 2011
Time, as it’s well known, is a central key question in philosophy. This contribution sketches an original perspective to resume and classify the different ways in which subject can do experience of time. The first is perception of time (how I feel time?); then we have measure, that is the social, collective and objective dimension of time. Third, we have that dimension which the author calls «figure of time», that shows a different kind of time objectivity, that is different from measure because qualified by affection. The author tries also to answer another question: does the peculiar way of thinking of philosophers reveal a temporality of its own? Key words: time, rhythm, history, philosophy, meditation.
€ 6,00
Mobili e/o bloccati? Il (non)tempo delle giovani generazioni digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 3
Anno: 2011
This paper analyses two different generations of young people: Stuck Generation – those who are thirty years old – and Active generation – younger brothers, or twenty years old youngs. These two generations show both elements of continuity and (interesting) discontinuity. While Stuck Generation is characterized by low social and spatial mobility, by limited planning and privatism, Active Generation is proving a major social and political committment, a more critical attitude and a desire to invest in the future. Active Generation is also optimistic and pragmatic, it wants to live at full rhythm its time and it is no longer willing to accept to live an empty time, without any chance of real life. Key words: time, rhythm, mobility, youth, generations.
€ 6,00
Manager, bracconieri e jazzisti: l'esperienza del tempo e del ritmo nell'era della comunicazione digitale digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 3
Anno: 2011
The rise of the network society and the digitalization of communication processes changed modern experience of time and rhythm; notwithstanding a lot of theories account timeless time, real time and network time as a consistent and typical kind of temporality of internet and mobile communication devices, forcing our everyday experience of time and rhythm in a very deterministic way, technical affordances, cultural forms and users’ practices describe a more complex, pluralistic and flexible kind of temporality. Users’ everyday practices of CMC and ICT look like a jazz performance, that includes qualities such as «swinging», improvising, group interaction, developing an «individual voice» on the basis of their social position, habitus and moral economy. Key words: time, rhythm, communication, internet, mobility.
€ 6,00
Fuori dall'ombra delle forme. Memoria della Resistenza e commemorazioni conflittuali digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 3
Anno: 2011
The sociological analysis of the commemorative practices represents nowadays a well defined branch of research into the wide and many sided fragmented area of memory studies. Much of the work conducted in this field has followed the path traced by Emile Durkheim theory. Nevertheless, in the course of the last two decades, scholars have tried to move away from the Durkheimian orthodoxy in order to find more appropriate ways to account for the complex variety of the commemorative universes. The most valuable efforts conducted in this direction are represented by the concept of multivocal commemoration elaborated by R. Wagner-Pacifici and B. Schwartz, and by the concept of fragmented commemoration, developed by V. Vinitzky-Seroussi. Drawing on some empirical stimuli provided by an on-going research on the commemoration of the partisan victims of a massacre perpetrated in the village of Cornalba (northern Italy) by a fascist militia, our paper tries to show that multivocal and fragmented types of commemoration don’t fulfill the typology. In our opinion there is still room for another kind of commemorative rite that we would define conflicting commemoration. That is a specific kind of ritual that witness the emergence, during its own execution, of two or more conflicting representations of the same past that it tries to commemorate. In describing this kind of commemoration, we argue that it is more likely to show up in societies marked by pasts of deep social divisions, where a full reconciliation is still not accomplished. Key-words: memory, difficult pasts, commemoration practices, italian resistance, reconciliation.
€ 6,00
Il linguaggio verbale nel teatro: le parole prendono forma nel ritmo e nel tempo-ritmo digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 3
Anno: 2011
The words «rhythm» and «time» define two important characteristics of psychomotion, but they are, at the same time, two significant aspects of theatrical communication languages. They give sense and significance to the body and image, to movement and sound, and they allow theatre, where actors use all these means of expression, to be heard and understood. The theatre SUMMARIES 341 makes sense just through a rhythmic score, a gesture, a short series of words or a music, and it can show that hidden whole composed by motivation and emotion, that the performers has turned into an understandable form of expression that can be seen or heard; for example, the feeling of happiness will have a fast and intense rhythm, which will produce a series of quick and light movements and will characterize in the same way the verbal language too. To assert that a feeling has its own rhythm we have to analyse our heartbeat and our breath, that are our so-called «natural rhythms», when that particular emotional state occurs. Every human being has his own «natural rhythms», that characterize the way he thinks and moves, for example the way he raises his arm, he walks, he works or he organizes his own time. Key-words: time, rhythm, theatre, communication, emotion.
€ 6,00
Analisi d’opere digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2010 - 3
Anno: 2010
€ 6,00
Sommario generale dell'annata
Gratis
digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2010 - 3
Anno: 2010
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