Il rapporto micro-macro nella teoria delle categorie sociologiche di Max Weber
| STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 2
A. MILLEFIORINI, The micro-macro linkage in Max Weber’s Theory of sociological categories
This essay intends to point out the micro-macro linkage in the remarks developed by Max
Weber in the first volume of Economy and Society, where he outlines his Theory of the
Sociological Categories, which gives the title to the volume.
Although the micro-macro linkage wasn’t the author’s declared intention, nevertheless,
reading the text regarding under this specific perspective, some relevant elements appear; they
give a meaningful contribution to the Weber’s sociological theory under this specific aspect too,
and so, as we shall see, under the one of the construction of sense in the societies.
The great merit of Weber’s work is that he has pointed out that the linkage between micro
and macro consists just in the fact that «a right causal interpretation of a concrete acting shows
that the external direction and the [internal] reason are recognized as adherent and, in the same
time, intelligible in a way that it has got meaning in their connection» (Weber 1999a: 11). In
other words, it is necessary an intelligible connection between the «external direction», that is
the meaning and the sense that the action of the subject has for the others, thanks to the macro
elements above which it is based, and the internal reason, namely the interior motivation of the
subject to do that specific action. This is the turning point of the micro-macro linkage Weber
has pointed out, and it represents one of the most relevant aspects of all his social theory.
Finally we propose, on the bases of the reasonings developed in this work, the substitution of
the concept of «objective sense» with that one less rigid of «shared sense» or «evident sense»; it
is more capable to give reason of the presence, in the societies, to a time of participation and
conflict, communicability and uncommunicability, loyalty, defection and protest, movement and
institution, form and life, taxi and cosmos, order and chaos, concordia discors, etc.
Key words: micro-macro, sense, construction of sense, objective sense, subjective sense,