Discussing the reasons of the marginalisation of sociological analysis on war and peace processes is the main purpose of the paper: such a situation weakens the capacity to understand sociologically macro-social changes. After having analysed in which way war conflicts have been studied during the foundation of sociology in Europe and USA, in the critical discussion it will be hypothesized that such a situation is due to the canonisation of sociology and the rise of its professional identity, between the 30s and the 60s of the XX century. Eventually, in the final part three proposals will be discussed in order to go beyond this situation.
Empathy is a complex multi-dimensional concept that has emotional, cognitive and behavioral dimensions and represents a key element of the helping relationship in social work. Despite its importance, although past research has examined empathy in the helping professions, few studies have concentrated specifically on social work. Through a qualitative exploratory research, carried out through the use of an interview with a sample of 50 professionals working in municipal social services in Veneto Region, this article focuses on social workers’ representations of empathy. The research results highlight the three dimensions of empathy: while the emotional one is given, cognitive and behavioral dimensions can be learned, cultivated and supported through professional tools (training, supervision, teamwork, etc.).
Italian workers, during the first period of the Covid-19 pandemic, experienced several phases of closure of the remotely transferable work activities, considered not essential. All these activities were transferred from workplaces to workers’ homes due to the public health emergency. This study observes and analyses workers’ spaces and times and their de-structuration during the lockdown of March-April 2020 in Italy. Seventy Participant-Generated Images “representative of work from home” were sent by workers and collected, using a web platform. The analysis shows that the experiences of working from home are strongly influenced by the space-time flexibility and that it is strictly intertwined with class and gender inequalities.
Policy responses to the coronavirus pandemic met with strong resistance. Examining the case study of the Querdenken protest movement in Germany, this article analyses collective action at the time of the pandemic. Ample discussion space will be devoted to the analysis of the collective action frame and the radicalisation process of the protest movement. Particular attention will be paid to the development of the Querdenken organisational network and the factors that influenced the transformation of the movement’s collective action. Finally, the process of institutionalization of the protest movement will be analyzed. The findings of this study provide an in-depth overview of the collective action of a protest movement, which, in action and interaction, elaborates and redefines social problems and their solutions, then goals and means, within a framework of practices and repertoires of action that change in the course of mobilization.
People who are homeless represent – today as a hundred years ago – one of the most extreme forms of poverty. Too often, the lack of recognition of the social problem adds up to the personal drama of a condition of grave poverty. Following Nels Anderson’s unsurpassed text The Hobo as a conceptual map, a reflection on some selected theoretical and analytical points related to homelessness is proposed. Retraced the genesis of Anderson’s research, from a perspective of comparison and dialogue with the classic, we will focus on the defining aspects of the phenomenon; the themes of work/non-work and marginalization in the urban context will be investigated; finally, the most current reconfiguration of the processes of material and relational impoverishment and the dynamics of exclusion in the contemporary socioeconomic background will be analyzed.
The article discusses the interpretative effects of recent archaeological discoveries on the “conventional” ways of social sciences to explain civilization processes and the consequent postulate that economics is a naturalized science. It will be argued that human groups’ existential placement in a vital world is a necessary condition for forming their economic and social structures. The hypothesis of the work is that civilization was articulated through three media between the biological and social nature of men. The first is the sacred and the establishment of an elsewhere where to place the cosmic order of the world (formation of religious thought). The second is power as an institution external to society where the leader no longer serves the community but as sovereign he becomes a divinity (formation of the state). The third is economic exchange, where distribution and production are gradually mediated by specialized) agents capable of coordinating resources that exceed subsistence (market formation). These three media coexist and operate jointly in the different social orders by coding the cultural memory that is necessary for cohesion and collective identity.