STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - SPECIAL ISSUE. Comprendere la cura della salute attraverso le Medical Humanities: scenari attuali e prospettive future by Linda Lombi, Monica Murero is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
di Guido Giarelli
di Lia Lombardi, Linda Lombi
In the international arena, there is a broad debate about the importance of including Medical Humanities in the education of health professionals. On the one hand a large part of the available literature highlights the several benefits of the impact of these disciplines on the competence and skills of doctors and other health professionals, which are deemed useful in improving their care practices. On the other hand, some scholars complain that these studies are not rigorous enough, and that the evidence they provide is fragmented and limited. This article, based on a narrative review, gives an account of this debate, highlighting the different theoretical-epistemological approaches
that support the discussion, the methodological weaknesses and the main findings of the studies. In the conclusion, some suggestions for future research are provided and it is recommended that an integrative approach be adopted, both from a theoretical-epistemological and a methodological point of view: this will make it possible to assess the outcomes of Medical Humanities for health professionals and care practices.
L’impatto delle Medical Humanities nella formazione delle professioni sanitarie e nelle pratiche di cura. Una revisione narrativa by Linda Lombi, Lia Lombardi is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
di Monica Murero, Alessandro Porrovecchio
The article shows that 92% of the 679 healthcare degree courses offer at least 1 academic credit in Medical Humanities (MH), a sign of the rising importance of these disciplines in Italy. However, the presence and quantity of credits offered are influenced by structural, territorial, and disciplinary variables, leading to a heterogeneous distribution of MH credits, a lack of Human Sciences, a poor representation of Arts, and a widespread absence of sociology in the medical schools. A virtuous cluster oriented towards sociology has been identified through Artificial Intelligence unsupervised algorithm (t-SNE), indicating possible paths for improvement. A critical reflection underlines the importance of multifactorial strategies, greater uniformity, and the need to evaluate the actual impact of the MH on medical and healthcare training and professions.
Le Medical Humanities nei 679 Corsi medico-sanitari Italiani: Criticità e Progressi by Monica Murero, Alessandro Porrovecchio is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
di Michael J. Green, Veronica Moretti, Alice Scavarda
di Nancy Adams, Justen Aprile, Amanda Cooper, Katharine B. Dalke, Paul Haidet, Bernice L. Hausman, Kimberly R. Myers, Rebecca L. Volpe
In 2021 the Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine piloted a new Humanities curriculum for entering medical students. The new curriculum permeates the pre-clerkship phase of medical education and focuses on social justice and humanities concepts and skills. This paper outlines the iterative, collaborative curricular development process and describes three new courses and one redesigned course. Coursework includes foundational concepts and frameworks, skill-building in visual thinking and interpretation, the reflexive development of humanistic practice, and a robust conceptual framework for clinical communication. Reflections on the outcomes of the new curriculum include the productive role of theory in course development, challenges associated with deep discussion of difficult topics, and complexities associated with variable learner preparation in the humanities.
Reforming a Health Humanities curriculum: incorporating social justice into medical education by Rebecca L. Volpe, Justen Aprile, Amanda Cooper, Katharine B. Dalke, Kimberly R. Myers, Paul Haidet, Nancy Adams, Bernice L. Hausman is licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
di Matteo Di Placido, Stefania Palmisano
di Alessandra Sannella