Sogni di genere. Disuguaglianze e risorse nel futuro immaginato degli adolescenti
| STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2012 - 1
M. Colombo, Gender’s dreams. Inequalities and resources in the imagined future of the teenagers
What and how do adolescents make dreams about their future? How much are they prepared
to social competition? Are they aware of gender inequalities and differences operating within the
system of choices? Do they exploit these differences for reaching their targets? Through the data
set of a national enquiry «Prin 2005 – Adolescents and Life chance», this essays makes distinctions
between the «female» and the «male» way to live the present as a condition and a preview
of the future, also underlining the existence of gendered resources to imagine the future itself.
If nowadays adolescents live in a frame of increasing «de-differentiation» (boys and girls having
same targets, similar psychological states, and tacitly agree with the issue of gender parity), with
no doubt they are greatly influenced by discriminating rules and mechanism of the system of
chances. Girls are requested of a long-time commitment until the graduation in order to obtain
security and personal realization. Boys instead are requested to make projects of work, earning and professional career, with a short-term life planning, in order to overtake the «test of future».
At the present, girls and boys live together and exchange continuously their visions in a sort of coeducation:
material and cultural consumption are the features of the female-side, large network
of relations and distance from institutions of the male-side.
Key words: gender differentiation, educational choices, orientation towards future, gendered patterns
of life planning, gender inequalities.