Tutti i libri editi da Vita e Pensiero - libri Studi di Sociologia Vita e Pensiero (224)

Vita e Pensiero

Le culture di welfare nella prospettiva europea digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 2
Anno: 2009
The cultural foundations of welfare state policies and their contribution to the development of welfare states are gaining increasing attention in comparative welfare state research. The article introduces reflections on how the impact of cultural factors on the development of welfare state policies can be analysed. Three different levels be distinguished with regard to the relationship between welfare culture and welfare state policies: 1) values and models on which welfare state policies are based; 2) values and models for the welfare state that are dominant in the population; 3) discourses of social actors in relation to such values and models. Cultural change can contribute to change in welfare state policies according to two different types of processes. Moreover, when analysing the influence of globalisation on the development of welfare states it is important to analyse the controversial influence of neo-liberal values on welfare culture and the discourses established by political elites to propagate such values.
€ 6,00
Ignazio di Loyola e Carl Rogers per la formazione degli osservatori partecipanti e per la conduzione di ricerche «centrate sulla persona» digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 2
Anno: 2009
The object of this paper is training sociologists in «person-centered» ethnographic research, i.e. centered upon the social actor, protagonist of the cultural contexts to study. A training model is proposed, based on two cultural approaches: one being spiritual and the other psychological. More precisely, we refer to the spirituality of St. Ignatius of Loyola (founder of the Society of Jesus) and the psychological approach of Carl Rogers (psychologist of the humanistic approach). The goal is to provide useful operational tools in various stages of ethnographic research, enabling researchers to: a) choose the identities through which to have the best access to the field of study, b) establish face to face interactions that are based on the respect of the social actors involved in the study, c) transform those who are called «subjects» of research, in the classic approach of participant observation, into «collaborators of the ethnographer», d) adapt quickly to sudden changes of the field that often characterize studies of «other» cultures.
€ 6,00
Etnicità e politica nello Stato brasiliano del Maranhão digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 2
Anno: 2009
This paper aims to report a resistance process that was carried on by black quilombolas community (slave descendant) in the Alcântara region (Maranhão-Brazil). These communities have been in contrast through the times with the military institutions which ordered them to leave their traditional lands. Basing themselves on the international, federal and national legislation, and rediscovering their cultural ethnic heritage, and economic specificity, the different communities have carried on experiences of community opposition and cohesion, of political association, and have introduced new identity pronouncements, on which they have built their social and cultural ransom paths, as well as those of leadership recognition. The theme offers the opportunity to discuss some political anthropology issues, such as identity politics, the concept of power, and the social relationships.
€ 6,00
Sulla sociologia delle emozioni di Arlie Russell Hochschild digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 2
Anno: 2009
Despite the undoubted relevance emotions have for the social action and for society itself, Sociology started to deal with them directly only around the half of Seventies in the last century; the United States, therefore, have up for lost time: the Sociology of emotions has by now earned the statute of an autonomous scientific and academic doctrine. In this article, after a quick introduction to the Sociology of emotions and its main theoretical perspectives (Positivism, Constructionism and Interactionism) I’ll take into consideration the sociological theory of emotions by Arlie Russell Hochschild. She should be certainly considered as one of the main autoritative theorist of the interactionist approach, even deemed by someone as the founder of the Sociology of emotions; by surveying some of the main theoretical assumptions, I’ll try to select those thematic cores (emotional control, emotion labor, feeling rules, emotional devienza, emotional culture) which supply the conceptual and lexical framework for the understanding of the more general sociological reflection about emotions.
€ 6,00
Il genere sul campo: alcune riflessioni metodologiche digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 2
Anno: 2009
The Phenomenology says that every knowledge is a perspective knowledge, because every knowledge is situated in a time and in a space. The human’s embodiment discloses a perspective overview on the world. The paper claims the aim to analyze how the sexual and gender dimensions, which are incarnated in a determinate body, are present in the qualitative research, specifically into the ethnographic observation. First for all, we hypothesize that the gender is a border for the access into a field and not in other, so to be man or woman is not neutral for the knowledge of a specific social context. Moreover, the performative dimension of the gender, which shows the norms that pre-exist and that conduct the role’s interaction (i.e. the role’s gendered content and the role’s gendered language) is another tie in the participant observation. The awareness that all the knowledge is gendered, requires to the fieldworker to play a double competence (ability). The researcher must use the self reflexivity to point out his gender identity and his background on this theme: he must point out his background frame relatively to the gender, his gender behaviour’s expectations in the interaction, and his correlated opinions. The researcher, moreover, must know that exist a cultural mainstream about the gender, but that the concrete gender playing is based on the interaction in a concrete frame. So, we have a lot of concrete ways in which the gender is embodied. The researcher on the field, so, must enter in a knowledge’s circulation in which must point attention to: the epistemic interdependence, i.e. the knowledge borns in the symbolic interaction between the researcher and the subject; the gendered nature of the communicative interaction between the researcher and the subject; the negotiable nature of the concrete managing of the gendered role in the interaction.
€ 6,00
Sociologia per la persona digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 3
Anno: 2009
Working towards a «sociology of the person» and «for the person» is the fundamental inspiration and programmed purpose of the SPE group. In this sense, the concept of «person» is the foundation and aim of a study that seeks to be primarily both scientific and critical. The following document, or manifesto, is intended as a stimulus for reflection on ourselves, to reopen the debate on the centrality of the person, both with reference to the nature of sociology, in its epistemological state, as well as in reference to the capacity to interpret and maybe even tackle the main challenges of today: it is the latest stage of a path began in 1994 that is certainly not over.
€ 6,00
La governance «ibrida» digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 3
Anno: 2009
The transformation of the welfare system contains incoherencies with the characteristics of the governance process. The diversification and the fragmentation of the system has made evident the increase in its complexity and its consequent inability to govern regulation processes based on hierarchy or on competition. The competition, the hierarchy and the social network are not necessarily alternative governance processes, but in practice they overlap. The competition, the hierarchy and the social network have to be integrated in a hybrid governance process. The distance between the system and its regulation requires a redefinition of governance process. Such realignment must be found on the strengthening of the authority, the thrust and the social capital.
€ 6,00
«Perché dobbiamo dirci cristiani» digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 3
Anno: 2009
Term of reference is the thesis of M.Pera in Why we have to profess christians. Christianism contributes decisively to the building of western identity, that means modernity and liberalism. This thesis is elaborated starting from weberian assumptions on Entzauberung and rationalisation as biblical Weltanschauung: a determinant root of western identity. Christian revolution upsets the worldview from the «naturality» of ancient cosmocentrism, particularly of Greeks and Romans, to the «unnaturality» of radical theoanthropocentrism, that is to subjectcentrism, conceived as embryo of modernity. This «unnaturality» of Christianism is present in two features:the axioogical priority of inner life and the «inverse glorifications» in thr Sermon of the mountain. These features are realized in many areas and situations typical of western civilisation, particularly in the Middle Age.
€ 6,00
Prendersi cura dei bambini di strada di Nairobi. Buone pratiche family e community oriented di accoglienza, riabilitazione e reinserimento digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 3
Anno: 2009
The present study represents a qualitative in-depth research, aiming at pointing out and analyzing, in the light of a more specific theory of social capital, relational good practices of family-based and community-oriented intervention for the rehabilitation and the reintegration of street children in Nairobi, Kenya. Aim of the study will be to explore the existing culture of the care for the street children and re-think it as a multidimensional and complex process that rests upon family and community relations and promotes innovative strategies, able to take into consideration the specific needs of the families and the local communities, and providing a relational answer to such needs. The research rests on a major theoretical framework called «relational sociology», which allows a deeper understanding of the street children phenomenon as a family and community-related issue, whereby macro and meso causal factors have an impact on the micro level of the family, contributing to the raise of the phenomenon itself. Accordingly, in terms of recommendations for social measures, the street children issue can be addressed and tackled only by a family-based and community-oriented approach. The present study, at an empirical level, highlights significant experiences of family-based and community-oriented care for the rehabilitation and the reintegration of street children in Nairobi. The approach hereby employed is that of the so-called «best practices», a research method aiming at drawing theoretical notions from the most effective interventions. A huge work of operationalization of social indicators for both the concept of social capital and good practice was done. From a methodological point of view, three case studies were conducted. They represent three significant examples of good practice in family-based intervention as they are highly innovative; careful of the relational dynamics of the care; addressed to the family as a unit; able to sustain the distinctive manner the family responds to the needs of its members (family empowerment); capable to produce solidarity instead of individualism (intergenerational equity); focused on the family within the local community (community empowerment); sustainable; reproducible; adopting social governance strategies (vertical and horizontal networking with institutional and civil society organizations).
€ 6,00
Non solo «quel che resta del giorno»... Un’analisi comparativa del consumo di tempo libero in Europa digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 4
Anno: 2009
The aim of this paper is to draw attention to the role of leisure studies in social change analysis and in comparative sociology studies. In the first part of the paper, we briefly review the main definitions of leisure time. Then we focus on methodological problems related to comparative analysis on leisure time use. In the second part, we compare the structure of leisure time in different european countries studying some analogies and differences among them. Eurostat data constitute the empirical basis of this comparative analysis. In the third part, we underline that counting «who does something», «how often people do something», «in which period of the day, of the week, of the month or of the year people do something» and «how much time people spend to do something» just isn’t enough for studying leisure time. Therefore, new questions should be asked: what does leisure mean in individual experiences? And how does leisure time become «institutionalized» in shared social practices? Then, an appropriate method is proposed to answer these questions. Key words: leisure time, social change, comparative analysis.
€ 6,00
Scommettere sui giovani a partire dalla sociologia digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 4
Anno: 2009
The purpose of this paper is three-fold. First, it offers a wide overview of the Italian sociological research about young people condition from the 50s to the first decade of XXI Century. As a second aim, this article sketches out an analysis of social and cultural change by observing how social representations of youth transform themselves from generation to generation – Baby Boomers’ generation, X Generation and Y Generation. Last it tries to argument for the institution of a real and more specialized «sociology of youth» as a new and autonomous field of research. Key words: sociology of youth, social representations, generations, social and cultural change, life courses.
€ 6,00
STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2008 - 4 digital
formato: Fascicolo digitale
Anno: 2008

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