STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2006 - 1 - autori-vari - Vita e Pensiero - Fascicolo digitale Studi di Sociologia Vita e Pensiero


digital STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2006 - 1
Fascicolo digitale
Fascicolo 1 - 2006
Titolo STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2006 - 1
Editore Vita e Pensiero
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Senso e non senso della scuola tra istituzione e organizzazione
di Maddalena Colombo pagine: 18 € 6,00
This article analyses the current relaity of schooling, highlighting some of the major changing factors: factors of turbolence (i.e. the reform processes) and negative attitudes towards the change, expressed by teachers, headmasters, parents and extra-school agencies); processes of de-structuration of the institutional stability; processes of fragmentation and lost of motivation within the social actors within the school establishments. It follows the interpretation of this frame on the base of the ambivalence “institution versus organisation”, that can explain part of this increasing complexity. Finally, to cope with the complexity it is proposed a model of solution as process of “institutionalization bottom-up”, based on th sense making capability of the social actors in school.
Comportamenti socio-religiosi nei confronti dei defunti. Persistenze e cambiamenti in un’area de-secolarizzata
di Stefano Martelli pagine: 20 € 6,00
This article offers some data and reflexions collected by two sociological researches led in an area of North Italy: Bologna and its land (2001-2002). In the first research the object was the socioreligious practices of piety to the tombs in four cemeteries of the Diocese (one cemetery in the town of Bologna, two in the country and one in the mountaine). In a second time a survey about the ways to celebrate funerals was led in all the parishes of the town, which is the most secularized area in the Diocese. The collected findings show the persistence in the bolognese population of the social practices to commemorate the deads, and the large diffusion of christian simbols; yet one can note a lot of difficulties in the transmission to children of these practices, so that visit to the cemetery of young people are infrequent. Furthermore one can note a differentiation in the funerals: less people asks the mass celebrated in its parish and more people prefers the simple blessing, given to the dead in the chapel of the hospital or of the cemetery. These difficulties in the socialization arise some questions on the future of the cult of deads in this secularized area, while one can note a lot of socio-cultural changes, as the «naturalization of the death», or its rimotion from the “post”-modern culture, and the presence of religious minorities, as muslims; and all these tendences are new challenges to the Catholic church.
La tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche in Italia. Il caso del Friuli
di Raimondo Strassoldo pagine: 18 € 6,00
The revival of ethnic/regional/language minorities within European national states, one of the components of the oppositional “identity movements” of the sixties and seventies, has attracted wide attention from several disciplinary quarters: political science ( e.g. A. Smith,) sociology (A. Touraine), sociology of language (J. Fishman) and others. More recently, it has been linked to the theory of globalization (“glocalism”). In Italy, for a number of reasons, regional/ethnic issues have long been neglected by “mainstream” sociology, and considered only as a peculiarity of some remote Alpine border areas. However, in 1999, a national bill (n. 482) was passed in the national parliament, recognizing the existence throughout Italy of 12 “historical language minorities” (Albanians, Catalans, Croats, Greeks, Occitans, Franco-Provençals, and others) beside the ones already constitutionally recognized (French, Germans, Slovenes) and granting them some rights, guarantees, and token financial support. By far the largest groups are the Sardinians ( pop. 1.650. and the Friulians (pop. 900.000). After a general-theoretical introduction, the paper briefly sketches the history of ethnic/regional/linguistic/ minority movements in Italy, the history and structure of Law 482/99, and finally focuses on the case of Friuli, where since the early seventies a tradition of sociological studies on these matters have been established, and many empirical surveys have been carried out, making this by far the best researched language minority in Italy. In the conclusion, the results of such research are put in the context of the “reversing language shift” theory advanced by Joshua Fishman, and questions are raised on the possibility to save Friulian, as many hundreds or perhaps thousands other threatened minor languages, by legal decrees, in the face of the powerful socio-economic and cultural forces (nationalisation, globalization “homologation”) pushing them toward extinction.

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Autoctono, cosmopolita e alloctono nella società multiculturale. Ipotesi per la realizzazione di tre ritratti
di Alessandro Bosi pagine: 22 € 6,00
This article is part of a future research project on the figures of the autochthonous, cosmopolite and allochthonous in multicultural societies. In defining three fields (history, society, instruction) in which I will analyze the subjects of this work, I intend to produce two digressions for studying the distinction between concepts of diversity/difference and multicultural/multiethnic. This will allow me to analyze the autochthonous, the cosmopolite and the allochthonous in their relations with the language, the food and the place. I consider the probability that these subjects are residual figures of sociality without an effective correspondence to the facts. In multicultural societies the identities could be redesigned respect to those primordial and to the expectative created by our way of thinking. However, this outcome would be important to induce us to consider in a critical way our attitude toward the citizenship concept in multicultural societies.
Il potenziale della relazione sociale di prossimità. Il caso delle comunità di famiglie
di Monica Martinelli pagine: 30 € 6,00
The concept of community has known a wide spread use in sociology. However, although, it might seem simple to define community as one of the best known associative forms of human cohabitation, such a definition presents also some empirical problems. In the first place, because community has been often defined as something that dissolves itself with the coming of the modern world. Secondly, because recently such a concept has been used in sociological analysis with problematic meanings. This article attempts to explore such a concept in empirical terms and to offer a contribution to its redefinition referring to a field investigation which involved some communities of families. Starting from this, a definition of community is hypothesized in the form of a social relationship strongly anchored to the moment of intersubjectivity and capable of generating mutations in contratendency to the contemporary culture.
Organizzazioni non governative e pratiche di valutazione: modelli e tecniche
di Lorenzo Nasi pagine: 20 € 6,00
The necessity of reflecting on the aims and methodologies in use in the varied world of Developmental Cooperation has stressed the importance of the evaluation process. This essay contains a presentation of the major forms, typologies and techniques of evaluation used by the major organizations concerned with Developmental Cooperation. It also relates about the evaluation of a specific project realized by an Italian Non Governamental Organization in Ecuador.
Il racconto del corpo: il tatuaggio tra autobiografia e narrazione collettiva
di Ambrogia Cereda pagine: 32 € 6,00
The article analyses the meaning of tattooing as a form of narration. Introducing the body as a text that can convey different forms of thought (derived both from philosophy and from sociology), the author maintains that the body modification is today as an open and living work whose interpretation has an influence on the individual identity and can be changed by means of the interaction with others. A thumbnail sketch of the history of the practice among traditional communities up to contemporary society is drawn to provide a series of fundamental usages for the inscription of the body. The concern here is to show tattooing as an expression of the whole individual (no longer divided into mind vs. body) and of his own perceived identity, underlying the relation of the chosen symbols (and of the symbolic ritual) with society, which remains the main source offering forms of representation and the main stage for the construction of identity. So that the whole final text can be read as the result of a process where the authorship is shattered among the society itself.
Analisi d’opere
pagine: 6 € 6,00

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