STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2004 - 2 - autori-vari - Vita e Pensiero - Fascicolo digitale Studi di Sociologia Vita e Pensiero


digital STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2004 - 2
Fascicolo digitale
Fascicolo 2 - 2004
Titolo STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2004 - 2
Editore Vita e Pensiero
Formato Fascicolo digitale | Pdf

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Scienza e società: la rivincita di Robert K. Merton
di Angela Maria Zocchi pagine: 15 € 6,00
The essay, that is not merely a praise post mortem, focuses on Merton’s contribution to the sociology of science. The Authoress underlines the intellectual debt of Thomas S. Kuhn towards Robert K. Merton, and examines the remarks to the American sociologist, trying to demonstrate how, during the time, the Merton’s analysis of science has revealed itself, more than ever, realistic and ethically important.

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Locale e globale nei mercati rurali del Mozambico: rilievi antropologici
di Anna Casella pagine: 19 € 6,00
In this paper I will be discussing the research I had done in Mozambique’s Sofala and Cabo Delgado provinces about the rural markets, in September and October of 2003. I will discuss three themes: Africa’s modernity, rural markets, anthropological research. Mozambique is stepping into a form of modernism, since this country’s historical events (colonialism, the marxist regime, the civil war, the introduction in a capitalist economy and within the international aids system) have forced Mozambique to deal with local global issues. The rural markets analysis shows three systems of circulating goods: the system of domestic production, the system of regional production and the one of international production. In the first system (domestic) women have an essential role, being the ones who cultivate the fields and organize the selling of excess goods. In some of Mozambique’s markets we find foreign products for everyday use: we call these markets «transition markets». Together with these markets new professional figures, who play the role of cultural mediators, are developing. The third consideration is about anthropological research method. I’m describing the importance of using «critical knowledge» to read the transformation process of the cultures and to create a true intercultural dialogue.
Corruzione, sviluppo e democrazia. Quando la crescita è senza sviluppo
di Fabrizio Floris pagine: 13 € 6,00
This article primary concerns the analysis of the conditions which determine situations of growth without development: processes of quantitative increment of the resources without a complete promotion of the human being. This phenomenon, in Africa as well as in other countries, is caused by at least three factors: wealth distribution, availability of institutional models in the use of the surplus, and corruption. The last one, in particular, is examined referring to Polanyi’s integration models between economy and society: reciprocity, redistribution and market exchange. As a result, corruption seems being determined by the rapid transition from integration models based on reciprocity and redistribution, towards models of market exchange. Therefore, while the culture is still based on reciprocity and redistribution the economic structure follows market logics that weaken the normative contest, and determine opportunistic behaviours, individualism and therefore corruption.
I movimenti collettivi nell’epoca della globalizzazione. I no global in Italia
di Chiara Fonio pagine: 29 € 6,00
The article explores the collective movement known as «no global» by analysing the most common theories related to collective behaviour and social movements in the sociological tradition and adopting a historical prospective that sets the phenomenon within the period from 1968 to the present. The essay specifically focuses on «no global» in Italy and emphasizes the importance of understanding their structure in the virtual world on the Internet. In fact, the massive use of the Internet profoundly and uniquely characterizes these groups by demonstrating a complexity that goes beyond the simplistic view given by the media. Consequently, the challenge of the social movements studies seems to be the definition of new methodological instruments that are necessary to avoid misinterpretations of these new forms of collectivities.
Un concetto di movimento sociale. Contributi dalla teoria dei sistemi sociali
di Domenico Tosini pagine: 21 € 6,00
Moving from the perspective of social system theory, we present a concept of social movement. According to this theory, two are the more important theses: a) the society is a communication system distinguished from its own environment composed of human beings (the human environment), on the one hand, and the natural environment (non-human environment), on the other hand; b) the modern and contemporary society is a functional differentiated society. The starting point of analysis is the survey within this society of a diffused perspective (risk perspective) addressed to observe the risks (ecological risks) which damage the human and non-human environment of society. With respect to these risks, society develops a special self-observation from which emerges a problematisation of many kinds of decisions (economical, political, scientific, medical, etc.), to which these risks are imputed. According to the hypothesis of this study, the social movements protesting against such risks (ecological movements) are a form of this self-observation and self-problematisation. Their social function is to make manifest by the communication the problems of compatibility between the need of structural variability of the functional subsystems of society, on the one hand, and the need of integrity of its own human and non-human environment, on the other hand.
Analisi d’opere
pagine: 5 € 6,00

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