Istituzioni, multiculturalismo e costruzione dell’identità europea. Verso un’impossibile intesa?
| STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2006 - 3-4
The historical events which marked the last decades process toward an effective European
Union give many suggestions to understand the role of the institutions in order to build a large
integration among political and social actors, their interests and cultures, i.e. three conditions so
that european identity may be acknowledged. The identity acknowledgement arises from a permanent
negotiation among many social actors, in the same time it assures the legitimation to the
institutions themselves. The theoretical and practical issues connected to this circular process
are examined in relation with a specific Preambulum devoted to a solemn definition of cultural
and religious origins of Europe. The insuccessfull acknoledgement of the cristian root of
Europe is considered as a symbolic question which reveals deeper dilemmas in the present
European theoretical debate on identity, pluralism, multiculturalism, tolerance. This symbolic
question is re-examined throught the idea of civil religion, communitarism, multiculturalism,
suggesting the need of new intercultural approaches. Finally, the attitudes toward the so called
“Social Europe” are considered, in order to verify how some political and economical goals – as
development and equity – may help the construction of the european identity.