Valutazione universitaria e mutamenti istituzionali in Europa
| STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 1
S. CHESSA - A. VARGIU, University evaluation and institutional changes in Europe.
The paper deals with the theme of university evaluation in the light of institutional changes that
European academies are presently facing. Some key factors of those changes as well as critical elements
concerning them that are to be found in literature are discussed. In the paper, a distinction is
made between macro, meso and micro levels at which changes are taking place. As to the macro
level, the role of the European research and higher education policies is taken into account with a
particular emphasis on the Open Method of Coordination. At the meso level, the main directives of
National policies carried out in the different European member States are presented and discussed
particularly by referring to accountability and autonomy. Whereas what is here defined micro level
is dealt with by briefly discussing the links between the diffusion of new public management, university
governance and evaluation. Following such premises, some proposals are made as to the
ambits and modes of university evaluation that do not appear sufficiently developed.
Key words: Higher education, Research, Europe, Evaluation, Accountability.