Identità culturale e religiosa e libertà religiosa
| STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2011 - 4
R. Cipriani, Religious and cultural identity and religious freedom
Each individual is guided by fundamental values that influence his behaviour. Values are
deeply rooted and abstract ideas, even if they are susceptible of empirical validation.
Identity is a Leitmotiv of the phenomenology of values. It is through values that people identify
themselves in a movement, a religion, a political party or an ideological faith.
A recurrent distinction concerns the difference between applied values and final values,
therefore between values concerning individual practices and values which represent real goals
But the discussion is still open on which are the universal values. Especially the discussion
tends to slip onto a juxtaposition of universal values and universal rights, which is to say between
human values and human rights.
Keywords: identity, freedom, values, socialization, religion.