Abduzione e scoperta nella ricerca sociale
| STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2012 - 4
F. SACCHETTI, Abduction and scientific discovery in social sciences
In social sciences it is very important to be conscious of different argumentations that come
from different kinds of inference. In particular this paper aims to discuss the importance of
abduction as a way of thinking and as logic form of inference. Because of its logic construction,
abduction is the only inference that allows us to introduce new knowledge in reasoning. To be
more precise It leads us to a conclusion that is not included in the premises. The explanatory hypothesis
we introduce is the most important factor when it comes to identifying a higher or lower
degree of creativity in our inference. In social science research this kind of creative reasoning is
crucial to the process of insight that leads to cognitive restructuring of knowledge. This is also
important in what concerns the development of a new organization of mind categories.
Key words: Abduction, Inference, Risk, Explanatory Hypothesis, Insight.