Il problema dell’uomo e la sociologia: le fonti giovanili di Filippo Barbano
| STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2012 - 3
D. Simon, The Problem of Man and Sociology: Filippo Barbano’s juvenile sources
Filippo Barbano, one promoter of the ‘sociological renaissance’ in Italy after World War II,
discussed as a student a thesis (1947) upon Personalism in the legal and christian philosophy. His
main source was Norberto Bobbio’s historical personalism which concerned the Person as ‘relationship’
and normative value with a fundamental attitude to communication. Barbano enphasized
then the role of the person as concrete agent, to whom Christianity provided a foundation
for a joint and several living-together.
Afterwards Barbano met american sociology and was confronted in particular with its attempt
toward an ‘integrated science of man’ with special attention to the concept of ‘basic personality
This was declined in an anthropological sense at a high level, which recalled Marcel Mauss’
‘total man’, concrete and far from the speculative trends of classical european sociology.
All this lead Barbano to formulate (1955/58) a program for theory and research, which had
to combine thought and experience, along the lines of the most recent american sociology, seeing
man in action within a moving social context.
Key words: person, science of man, action, communication, basic personality tipe, theory and