La rivincita della prossimità nella cosiddetta società senza luoghi
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The article analyzes spatial proximity, understood as the dimension of the city that can influence not only the quality of life of individuals, but also the attractiveness and economic competitiveness of urban systems. The great spread of new digital technologies has changed the way of conceptualizing the city and has led sociologists to believe in the elimination of physical proximity constraints, also due to the progressive fragmentation of public space. Against this background, this article combines theoretical and conceptual perspectives, arguing that, in reality, the digital world has not replaced physical space; rather, we discuss how the former has supplemented the latter, even in those areas of research and technology that initially believed in the advent of a society no longer shaped by geographical distance (Castells 2004, 2014; Webber 1963). The production and transfer of innovation are processes that still today, albeit in a different and non-homogeneous way, express territorial roots and a link with the physical and relational proximity that characterizes the city. Indeed, the city is the place where the circulation of knowledge and skills tends to concentrate, it is a laboratory of experimentation and creativity in which spatial proximity fosters innovative processes.
keywordsCity, Proximity, Spaceless society, Creativity.
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