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digital STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2007 - 3
Fascicolo digitale
fascicolo 3 - 2007
titolo STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2007 - 3
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Fascicolo digitale | Pdf

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La povertà di lunga durata: il caso italiano
di Giuseppe Giampaglia pagine: 26 € 6,00
The objective of this paper is to capture those critical traits of long-term poverty that can help policy-makers to design and evaluate social policies in this sector. This work is placed in the frame of Leisering and Leibfried’s theory of life course, and starts by analysing its basic principles. Special attention is devoted to the individualization principle, which is critically re-examined with reference to long-term poverty. Then, longitudinal analysis has been applied to European Community Household Panel data (1994-2001) in order to study individual life courses. The results show a large distance between the North and the South of Italy, in terms of incidence of persistent poverty, and rhythm of entry and exit from long-term poverty. As to socio-demographic and economic factors that affect the dynamics of impoverishment or emancipation-frompoverty processes, gender differences seem to be not very important, while differences in the family composition undoubtedly play a more incisive role. The strongest impact is exerted by the labour market, which shows the highest probabilities of getting out of a poverty condition or, in the opposite hypothesis, of re-entering a situation of need; these outcomes appear reinforced in the case of poverty states which last at least four years of the eight-year period here observed.
Conseguenze non previste e apprendimento professionale: insegnanti riflessivi tra ambivalenza e lavoro cognitivo
di Maddalena Colombo pagine: 20 € 6,00
Within school establishments is almost frequent that one is involved in conflictual situations and interactions and in unanticipated developments which challenge the actor’s rationality and lead to innovative learning outcomes for the professional himself. Aim of this essay is to analyse such learning outcomes which grow up in professional situations full of ambiguity, contraddiction, ambivalence, in order to examine the role of teacher as a reflective practitioner. We assume that teachers, as other knowledge workers, are not able to became reflective practitioner in every situations, but they do it only under given conditions. The essay starts from the description of some study cases (teachers coping with unanticipated learning outcomes); deals with the concept of sociological ambivalence in R.K. Merton, and moves to an interpretation of the empirical cases by applying a model, in order to verify what kind of “oscillation” strategies teachers are able to use for balancing opposite values at stake (tradition/innovation; ripetition/variability, etc.).

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Lavoro, welfare e formazione
di Rosangela Lodigiani pagine: 24 € 6,00
In recent years, in many of the European countries, welfare state has undergone a deep reform process. If during the modernity it was devoted to allocate monetary funds for passive protection (passive welfare state), now it promotes the development of both personalized services and individual resources to enable individual to face risks of exclusion, unemployment, poverty, illness, etc. by himself (active welfare state). The aim of this paper is to investigate the pillars of this new approach, starting from the analysis of activation policies and the consequences that these policies produce upon life chances of the subject in need. Particularly this paper tries to investigate the role that, among activation policies, education and training play in lifelong learning perspective. Education, training and generally each form of learning are considered as grant for employability, empowerment and activation of subjects, and thus as a form of social protection. The aim of this paper is to point out both the ambivalence of this approach and the importance of consider as purpose to widen its aim from employability bat capability.
Verso un’analisi strutturale delle forme di governance
di Luigi Tronca pagine: 24 € 6,00
This article suggests a sociological analysis of the concept of governance. First, the author presents an analysis of the characteristics of the social contexts that have supported the origin and the development of the concept of governance. Then, some political and sociological definitions of this concept are discussed. Secondly, the author presents a relational definition of governance and he shows how the relational sociology provides a multidimensional conception. The relational sociology furthermore allows to identify some empirical indicators of this concept. Finally, the author analyses the structural properties of the social networks that can be a resource for the processes of mutual-coordination between autonomous and interdependent actors. Then, some structural indicators of governance are discussed.
Le dinamiche delle reti e dei legami amicali
di Elisa Bellotti pagine: 26 € 6,00
The paper presents the results of a research on friendship networks of single people. The research has been undertaken using both social network analysis tools (egonetworks) and qualitative interviews, on a non-representative sample of 23 heterosexual singles of Milan, aged between 25 and 35, 12 male and 11 female. Single youths has been portrayed as a generation who decentres sexual and romantic relationships and refuses to commit: this paper demonstrates the need for new analytical concepts in order to describe the contemporary transformations of intimacy, that underline the importance of friendship for single youth. In order to focus on the dynamics of friendship, an heuristic model has been set up, which analyses the influences of the constitutional dimensions of friendship (ideal, negotional and situational). The modifications of one of these three analytical dimensions reflect on the others in a reflexive process that shows how friendship networks and ties evolve through time and keep a strong core of long lasting bonds.
Analisi d’opere
pagine: 6 € 6,00
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