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digital STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2007 - 2
Fascicolo digitale
fascicolo 2 - 2007
titolo STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2007 - 2
editore Vita e Pensiero
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Il Rinascimento e le rinascite nella storia: verso una sociologia della grazia
di Arpad Szakolczai pagine: 23 € 6,00
This paper argues for the need of a sociology of grace, based on a sociology of the Renaissance, central – among others – for understanding the modern condition. Such an approach takes its point of departure in Max Weber’s comparative study of the rise of world religions and his concept of charismatic power, yet goes beyond Weber in emphasising the significance of a series of renascences, culminating in the European Renaissance starting from the Duecento. The paper starts with a short linguistic and historical background analysis. The linguistic study reveals that terms related to «grace» have three distinct meanings: theological (the power and mercy of God), aesthetic (the power of graceful beauty), and socio-anthropological (charity and gift relations). The historical analysis goes back to the axial age hypothesis but argues that – as the three great monotheistic world religions, redefined as «religions of grace» – each developed outside the time horizon of the axial age, this period, though an extremely important moment of liminal crisis, cannot be considered as the «centre» of world history. Emphasis is placed, instead, on the more or less parallel emergence of ancient Judaism and Minoan culture, each based on epiphany experiences, one male and the other female, thus establishing two distinct and unique traditions of grace. European culture, rooted in Christianity, is based on the attempt to forge a unity between these two traditions; a unity that always remained precarious and in need of constant renewals, in the forms of reforms and renascences. The most important such period of renewal was the Italian Renaissance, which started in the Duecento, combining «rebirth» and reform, and ending in the liminal crisis around 1500. Central for this project was an attempt to unify the three meanings of grace. The failure of the Renaissance as a project led to its fragmentation into Protestant predestination (Weber), court society etiquette (Elias) and the disciplinary institutions of the modern state (Foucault); or the rise of modernity. The argument implies that the crisis produced by modern nihilism can only be ended by a return to the spirit of the Renaissance project.
Centralità della persona e trasformazioni della salute nel tempo della globalizzazione
di Vincenzo Cesareo, Guido Giarelli pagine: 10 € 6,00
The article questions the increasing subjectiveness of the concept of health in contemporary globalised societies, wondering whether it can actually be considered the outcome of a new centrality of the person or it must be regarded as a particular aspect of the wider process of individualisation typical of the late modernity. Particularly, the changing concept of health is analysed by applying the theoretical tri-dimensional model of individualisation proposed by Beck on the background of the so-called «risk society» or «uncertainty society» in order to highlight the intrinsic ambivalence of the subjectiveness of health between an healthism-oriented hedonist narcissism typical of our performative and medicalised societies (Parsons) and an actual new autonomy of the person as part of a more general «accountable freedom».

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Trasformazioni del lavoro e nuovi diritti. Alcune riflessioni sul concetto di cittadinanza
di Mauro Migliavacca pagine: 20 € 6,00
During last decades in the European countries, some relevant changes in the labour market happened with the increase of unstable and atypical jobs. The increasing diffusion of flexible forms of employment has also shaped the perspective on the systems of employment-related guarantees and other forms of social protections. These transformations has been critical for those welfare systems soundly built on salary-employment and thus largely based on employment- related social benefits. In this complex and diversified context some of the traditional inequalities linked to the labour market have worsen. This article explores the relation between the new forms of job and the concept of citizenship. In particular it put the focus on the relations between job instability and the social rights access.
Il valore del capitale sociale. Una rassegna critica della letteratura
di Gaetano Gucciardo pagine: 27 € 6,00
The aim of this paper is to show the various ways in which the concept of social capital is used through a critical analysis of the scientific literature. The analysis of the concept has to end by showing its pronounced ambiguity. In literature can be found two definitions of the concept which are difficult to reconcile. One definition considers social capital as a property of the social system, the other as an individual property. Apart from these fundamental differences, the number of factors which are dealt with as social capital is so vast that one legitimately doubts whether it is possible to create a theory of social capital. Even in light of empirical observations, there is a great variety of operationalization which can not be reconciled. Social capital seems to be more a metaphor than a concept and what constitutes social capital, rather than being defined abstractly, can and, in fact, is defined each time in relation to specific contexts and the subjects being examined.
Apprendere dagli imprevisti: i due livelli della riflessività
di Barbara Barabaschi pagine: 20 € 6,00
Essay presents some theoretical roots of the unexpected consequences of learning on the basis of phenomenology and sociological literature. In this review who learns is the social researcher. Learning from the unexpected means to be led by exceptional, counterfactual, invisible, paradoxical, […] data, that is, what the research design cannot plan. It suggests a double way to the unanticipated learning outcomes: to generate learning from past experiences (thinking- the-action), and to generate a new perspective to understand learning along with the process of building knowledge (thinking the thoughts). Essay conclusion is that every time the actor/researcher leads to modify his knowledge and cognitive logics, the analysis of unanticipated outcomes operates as an instrument of social and cultural change.
Analisi d’opere
pagine: 5 € 6,00
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