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digital STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2005 - 4
Fascicolo digitale
fascicolo 4 - 2005
titolo STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2005 - 4
editore Vita e Pensiero
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Gli attuali cambiamenti del capitalismo e la cultura del progetto
di Luc Boltanski pagine: 21 € 6,00
In the actual phase of capitalistic development, the features of a widespread culture du projet are emerging. Work and private life are series of time-limited projects that we can consider microspaces where it becomes possible to determine an order - differently from the network excluding any internal arbitrary division. At the same time, the economic axis, structuring the old left-right opposition, crosses the biopolitic axis where these political positions are reversed. It’s on this biopolitic field, as Boltanski describes it, that most of the conflicts about life’s reproduction take place today.
Persona, cultura, religione
di Salvatore Abbruzzese pagine: 20 € 6,00
Late modernity is characterized by a crisis of institutional power in term of civic action and civic behaviour. In general, the crisis of institutional ability to grant directives about social conduct has produced a strong disorder among subjects. Durkheimian condition of «anomie» is the authentic scenario of occidental society at the time of globalization. Present globalization is interlaced with crisis of social behaviour agencies and there is a trend considering historical model out-of-date. In this context charismatic power is finding a new place, out of any reference to supernatural gifts. The recognition of the bearer of charisma is here founded on a free choice by subjects. While main lines of political and civic institutions are weakly recognised, charismatic institutions have a moderate but increasing agreement. By this fact it is possible to change status of subject in sociological thought. However it is difficult to recognize subject as a simple rational choice actor or at the opposite as a whole socialized subject. The term of «persona» suggests a good issue across several types of rationality. It is this «persona» that accepts charismatic institutions, in spite of normative institutions, and chooses his membership out of instrumental rationality and out of behavioural socialization.
Ri-scoprirsi identità complesse
di Edgar Morin, Cristina Pasqualini pagine: 9 € 6,00
The following dialogue with Edgar Morin stresses his anthropological theory which offers a cross-disciplinar view of human identity. This approach becomes essential because of the nature of the object itself, that is a complex synthesis of antithetical elements: nature, culture and society. Putting every single discipline into a deep dialogue between each other Morin works out a theoretical framework which connects different fields of knowledge becoming the only method able to reveal and understand human complexity. This idea of complexity becomes also, in Morin’s thought, a useful keyword to describe contemporary global society, ruled by uncertainty. According to Morin, to survive in this inhospitable condition, umankind must build a planetary consciousness and learn to think itself as the citizenship of a unique planetary mother-country.

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Gli intricati percorsi della responsabilità sociale di impresa
di Letizia Carrera pagine: 18 € 6,00
Globalization has given rise to an intense and problematic detachment between companies and the territory they work within. This has narrowed the time horizon of the companies, which have been conceiving the territory as a very short-term resource, something to be exploited here and now, without plans for the future. In these condictions, the social responsibility of the company has been suggested as a strategy able to rebuild the lost bond and give the companies complete social subjectivity, that is made possible by the shift from the stoke holder theory to the stake holder one. Within this important change the debate is focused on whether it is right to consider the social responsibility of the company as an economic strategy, in connection with the new character of the citizenconsumer, or it is better to return it to the ethical sphere and found on it the ambitious plan of a responsible and joint society.
Genio individuale o pratica sociale? Le mille facce della creatività
di Marco Pedroni pagine: 28 € 6,00
In the last few years there has been considerable attention on creativity seen from the point of view of several disciplines. This paper looks at the historical evolution of concept of creativity, by underlining its collective dimension (psychology and natural sciences especially contributed to this connotation). Until a decade ago, creativity was a marginal subject in sociological reflection, which from the initial stages has tended to focus mainly on the rational dimension of action. ‘Spread creativity’ is an effective key word to read some relevant phenomena of contemporary society: cultural economy, the rise of a new creative class, consumption as creative performance. In this context, I consider the condition of Italy, example of a ‘creativity without system’. Finally, I try to address the initial question: is creativity an expression of an individual genius or a social practice? The first definition is still maintained, but today the social dimension is prevailing. Recent studies actually underline the relevance of contextual components for creativity development. Creativity is an intersubjective value and contemporary societies are moved by a creative ethos. Creativity as a social motor requires further sociological inquiry, preferably carried out with qualitative and non-standard methodology.
La conoscenza sociologica in Vilfredo Pareto e Max Weber
di Stefano Ricciuti pagine: 33 € 6,00
Both Pareto and Weber wrote their fundamental works between 1890 and 1920. They dealt with the relationship between Sociology and Economics and other Human Sciences, especially Psychology and History, but their results were quite different. Indeed, the Italian engineer developed step by step a method which links logic and experience in order to achieve an objective and universal knowledge by a (neo-)positivistic standpoint, whereas the German jurist followed the Neo-Kantian philosophy of values and stressed the importance of the personal purpose. However, although Pareto supported a kind of abstractive procedure whose range is much bigger than Weber’s Idealty-pus, they ultimately agreed on the so-called “methodological individualism”, because of their commitment to marginalist Economics.
Banchi di prova. Migranti e minoranze etniche in Europa fra riuscita e segregazione scolastica
di Luca Queirolo Palmas pagine: 25 € 6,00
The present contribution analyses in a comparative way the relation between schools and migration in Europe, taking in account different experiences and societal models: the educational system of free choice in Netherlands, the recent arrival and the overlapping between language of the hosting society and the language of the main migrants groups in the case of Spain, the accumulated tradition and the permanent tensions in the management of migration in schools in the case of UK, France and Germany. The contribution focuses on two main aspect: the educational achievement of migrants and the process of educational segregation.
Analisi d’opere
pagine: 7 € 6,00
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