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STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2005 - 3

digital STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2005 - 3
Fascicolo digitale
rivista STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA
fascicolo 3 - 2005
titolo STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2005 - 3
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Fascicolo digitale | Pdf

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Temi in discussione LA VALUTAZIONE: AMBITI E APPROCCI

Una scienza probabile. Sociologia e valutazione
di Michele Colasanto, Silvia Cortellazzi pagine: 3 Scarica
Valutazione e sociologia: qualche nota introduttiva
di Alberto Vergani pagine: 26 € 6,00
Abstract
The essay presents and discusses some considerations concerning a sociological view of social programs evaluation. There are many reasons for a sociological perspective on evaluation to be interesting and worth to be considered: but all of them may be summarized – on one side – in the position for which social program evaluation is a special kind of applied social research and – on the other side – in the fact that considering evaluation as a ‘structured social action’ may offer significant suggestions for a better understanding of its deep nature and practical making. Assuming this perspective for dealing with evaluation underlines its being a relational construction, with a context-bounded meaning, teleologically oriented and embedded in a specific situation: with regard to this profile, a central (but not absolut) role is played by the procedures, methods, techiniques and instruments – from the social research – which allow evaluation process and results to be valid, rigorous and sound. In connextion with this last aspect, it’s the definition of evaluation as (a kind of) ‘applied social research’ to call for a priority of its methodological side but – at the same time – to link this question to the evident changes of paradigm who in the last decades affected the ways and forms in which social research is implemented.
La valutazione delle politiche dell’Unione Europea
di Mauro Palumbo pagine: 29 € 6,00
Abstract
The evaluation of Structural Funds in Italy has supported both the diffusion of evaluation activities and the use of structured evaluation strategies and methodologies. MEANS’ Guides published in 1999 contributed to open the discussion upon some key points of evaluation practice: the link with the role of rationality in decision processes, the priority of accountability or learning aims of evaluation (and the consistency of the two in everyday practice), the importance of participated evaluation and its applicability in complex programs as those supported by Structural Funds’. The importance given to monitoring and mid-term evaluation has maybe weakened the attention paid to the implementation process, while the direct link of evaluation to results has sometimes produced a «objectives- results» approach, not much inclined to «open the black box» of the programs and see how they really works and how they are improvable. Also for these reasons the contribution of sociology to the evaluation activities has been wrongly considered a marginal one: on the contrary, in a globalised society social research used in evaluation is very important to develop the awareness of how public policies really works and to help citizens’ empowerment. In this way, social research helps also citizens, stakeholders and decision makers to assume right choices.
La valutazione delle politiche sociali per la famiglia: alcune questioni di metodo
di Donatella Bramanti pagine: 24 € 6,00
Abstract
Evaluation research is for us of key importance because it constitutes the self-reflexive effort of social policies. This article shows how different approaches to policy making have been matched with different approaches to their evaluation, with the purpose of understanding how to implement policies supporting the well-being of the family. Specifically, we suggest that there is a need for relinquishing the traditional linear evaluation approaches, because they are too heavily based on a preconceived description of the social reality that does not leave space for the complex effects that social policies can have on family relations. We argue that there is the necessity of using complex models considering the family as an active subject, both in the planning and in the evaluation phase. We hypothesize the possibility of joining the contributions of the last generations of evaluation research, with the purpose of building a comprehensive evaluation tool based on the relational approach.
La valutazione delle politiche e dei sistemi educativi
di Giorgio Allulli pagine: 26 € 6,00
Abstract
After a short description of the history of school system evaluation, the author examines the main questions related to the implementation of the educational policies evaluation: a) the change of attitude needed inside the public administration as a consequence of the use of evaluation; b) the relationship between evaluators and policy makers; c) the goals of school system evaluation; d) the targets of evaluation; e) the relationship between external ed internal evaluation: f) the use of indicators. Finally it is presented the model followed by the school system evaluation Committee, which operates in the Trento region since 1992. The Committee has introduced gradually the idea of evaluation, beginning with the evaluation of the general system, then introducing schools self evaluation (which is now operated by almost all the Trento schools) to arrive finally to put forward the idea of school external evaluation.

Note e commenti

Orientare alla scelta nella società dell’incertezza tra riflessività e responsabilità
di Rosangela Lodigiani pagine: 25 € 6,00
Abstract
The article offers an interpretation of guidance process in a sociological perspective. From this point of view, it’s clear that any approach to guidance assumed a specific conception of the linkage between individual and society. Starting form this consideration the article delineates what characterizes guidance process in the post-modern society; a society more and more fragmentated and uncertain, in which the subject seems to have increasing freedom of movement and choice. In so doing, the article proposes a new guidance approach («character-forming guidance»), considered as an appropriate aid to help the subject in making his choices: choices who are both coherent with self realization aim and responsible; that is to say, choices who keep in count both the social context to which the subject himself belongs to and the relational dynamics implied in the construction of self identity (personal and social identity).
«...Bianca più della Luna...». La festa della Madonna del Monte a Marta
di Antonella Caforio pagine: 15 € 6,00
Abstract
The article is the result of observation in action during the «Madonna del Monte» feast in Marta, a village on Bolsena Lake. Festival is really spectacular and offers interesting point of views and archaic elements. Its climax is the so-called «Passata», which means that social classes represented in the procession (Knights, Farm labourers, Countrymen and Fishermen) get in the church three times and also means the kiss by the so-called Peace. Feast ends distributing the classic «Ring-shaped bread» to be put on arm among the Passers-by.
Analisi d’opere
pagine: 5 € 6,00

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