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STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2004 - 1

digital STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2004 - 1
Fascicolo digitale
rivista STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA
fascicolo 1 - 2004
titolo STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2004 - 1
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Fascicolo digitale | Pdf

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Sommario

In memoria di Franco Demarchi
pagine: 2 Scarica

Saggi

Lettori assidui e accaniti utilizzatori della rete
di Wendy Griswold, Nathan Wright pagine: 18 € 6,00
Abstract
This paper examines the relationship between Internet use and reading. «Reading» refers to non-work reading, the sustained reading of printed materials that people do for pleasure and information in their leisure time. Do the two activities compete? Or is the competition image wrong? Can people be both wired and well-read? The results about this questions, supported by some empirical researches, can be resume in the following sentences: 1) Reading and the Internet do not compete for time. The Internet is less greedy than television, so heavy Internet use does not displace reading the way it does television; 2) Reading is greedy, however. While the Internet can be woven into the fabric of everyday life, reading requires some time clearly demarcated as leisure time. Therefore there are certain periods in the life course – college, and likely new parenthood or unusually intense times at work – where reading declines. Once leisure time opens up, the reading habit reasserts itself; 3) The Internet offers some support for reading in terms of reviews, author information, book orders, and the ability to pursue particular topics. Reading supports Internet use as well.

Note e commenti

Preferenze o argomentazioni congelate? Alle radici della democrazia deliberativa
di Massimo Bonanni pagine: 29 € 6,00
Abstract
This essay examines the opportunities offered by the cognitive turn and its possible effects on political science. It focuses on the problem of group decision-making. After showing the existence of two different approaches to rationality, the bulk of this essay reviews how social psychology has analyzed group decisions: from experiments influenced by behaviorism, which employed concepts derived from economics (preferences, equilibrium...), to works with an increasingly autonomous approach (sections II and IV). A few researches that exemplify this turn away from economic concepts and the experimental logic are examined (section III). After defining the concepts of cognitive and rhetoric turn, the essay concludes underlining the risks and the opportunities of this new paradigm, usually defined as «deliberative democracy» (sections V and VI).
La società flessibile: un percorso di lettura del cambiamento
di Letizia Carrera pagine: 26 € 6,00
Abstract
Flexibility is one of the main aspects of post-modern and contemporary society.It is deeply changing the labour market and consequentely the lifestyle of the subjects and their ability to make plans for the future. Flexibility has a plural nature and the subjects adapt to it in different ways, according to their sex, age and above all the acquired knowledge and competences. It becomes more and more urgent the necessity to manage flexibility and the changes brought about by it.To this purpose, politics must recover its role and function and decide on the aims, in order to restore the functional hierarchical relation with economy. This is very important so that people, though the flexibility, learn to perform cooperative actions based on mutual trust and solidarity.
Verso una teoria delle disuguaglianze di opportunità educative
di Gianluca Manzo pagine: 35 € 6,00
Abstract
The purpose of this article is to stress on the value of the hypothesis of the rational action and of the concept of generating mechanism for the theoretical modelling and for the empirical analysis of educational opportunity inequality. Two theoretical approaches will be examined and compared: on the one hand, the cultural capital theory; on the other hand, the rational educational choice model. The analysis tries to show that the former has a limited congruence degree for many points with empirical data whereas the latter brings to light some essential aspects of statistical structure of educational opportunity inequality. The basic argument of this paper is that the restricted explanatory power of capital cultural theory comes from its main theoretical limits: namely, the underestimation of rational action and the lack of research for generating mechanisms. On the contrary, the rational educational choice model founds its own logic and explanatory structure precisely on these two analytical elements. In conclusion, some theoretical and empirical development of such a model will be outlined.
La mobilitazione per i diritti civili in Irlanda del Nord (1963-1972): un «nuovo» movimento?
di Martino Mazzoleni pagine: 34 € 6,00
Abstract
The article aims to test Mario Diani’s definition of the novelty of social movements in the case of a political system lacking a shared legitimacy. A social movement should be considered ‘new’ not on the basis of the issues it addresses or the ideas it supports, but insofar as it shapes new solidarities and group belongings that break some traditional political cleavages. This conceptual framework is applied to the case of the civil rights mobilization of the Northern Irish minority in the 1960-70s. After outlining the premises, causes, and phases of the Catholics’ political protest, the article addresses the persistence of the social and political dualism in the province. As it is suggested, it is not easy to unambiguously identify the character of novelty of a social movement according to Diani’s scheme. In Northern Ireland, the various groups emerged to claim equal civil and political rights for Catholics have deeply altered the political arena and government’s agenda, but not modified the social bases of the political system. Rather, they have been channelled through the dominant ethno-religious cleavage, and brought about an exacerbation of the political conflict between the two communities, opening up the way for the extremes to mobilize.
Analisi d’opere
pagine: 8 € 6,00
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