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La forza della reciprocità nelle pratiche abitative

digital La forza della reciprocità nelle pratiche abitative
Articolo
rivista STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA
fascicolo STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2015 - 4
titolo La forza della reciprocità nelle pratiche abitative
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 02-2016
issn 0039291X (stampa) | 18277896 (digitale)
€ 6,00

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During the last decades the housing policies debate focused to the social capital issues. Usually this concept has been thought as tool to tackle the vulnerability of the poorer classes, ghettoization and social exclusion pathways. At the same time the concept of social capital has been used to contrast the individualization process of the middle classes and, according to the New Urbanism approach, to build the sense of community, supportive social networks and civic engagement. Starting from the relational theory of society approach the paper shows some findings of a survey conducted in two New Urbanism planned neighborhoods. The aim of the paper is to understand in which extent the social capital influence the behavior of inhabitants toward others citizens. The findings show the strength of reciprocity as the key factor to understand the social capital dynamics. The trust placed on neighbors is the stronger and significant predictor of openness behaviors and sociability when sense of belonging and participation are controlled. When the relationships between inhabitants are based on reciprocity and trustworthiness, the social and civic virtues extend beyond the physic and symbolic boundaries of the neighborhood.