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Abduzione e scoperta nella ricerca sociale

digital Abduzione e scoperta nella ricerca sociale
Articolo
rivista STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA
fascicolo STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2012 - 4
titolo Abduzione e scoperta nella ricerca sociale
autore
editore Vita e Pensiero
formato Articolo | Pdf
online da 04-2012
issn 0039291X (stampa) | 18277896 (digitale)
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F. SACCHETTI, Abduction and scientific discovery in social sciences

In social sciences it is very important to be conscious of different argumentations that come from different kinds of inference. In particular this paper aims to discuss the importance of abduction as a way of thinking and as logic form of inference. Because of its logic construction, abduction is the only inference that allows us to introduce new knowledge in reasoning. To be more precise It leads us to a conclusion that is not included in the premises. The explanatory hypothesis we introduce is the most important factor when it comes to identifying a higher or lower degree of creativity in our inference. In social science research this kind of creative reasoning is crucial to the process of insight that leads to cognitive restructuring of knowledge. This is also important in what concerns the development of a new organization of mind categories.

Key words: Abduction, Inference, Risk, Explanatory Hypothesis, Insight.