Risultati della ricerca
Identità, differenza, relazione. Un confronto tra Heidegger, Luhmann, Donati novitàdigital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2017 - 1 | anno: 2017 | numero: 1
Why compare Heidegger, Luhmann and Donati? Is it possible to analyse the nature of the «relationship» in order to rethink the concept of the person’s identity in Sociology? To rebuild the identity of the relationship, is it useful to draw a clear distinction between being and the body? In this case, would the distinction be one of «evolving»? But what is meant by the concept of evolving? Is evolving a relationship that separates that which joins, joining that which separates, establishing a connection (religo) between what «is» and what «is not»?
Emergenza, riduzione, relazione: il paradigma della sociologia relazionale e il dualismo tra struttura e cultura digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2016 - 3 | anno: 2016 | numero: 3
In the last 30 years many philosophers and sociologists have been discussing on the relation body-mind: neurosciences enhanced and improved this debate and offered more and more detailed topics. Some argue for a dualism body-mind (two different natures), some for a «false question», then eliminating the nature of mind (eliminative materialism); the third way is emergentism: mind is a sui generis nature that emerges from neurological activities and interactions of brain...
Il soggetto relazionale: definizione ed esempi digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2012 - 2 | anno: 2012 | numero: 2
P. Donati, The Relational Subject: Definition and Examples In ordinary life, we, qua individuals, often speak in the plural by referring to a ‘We’. People say: we had lunch together, we went on holiday together, and so on and so forth. Usually, this ‘we’ is a term whose referent remains unspecified and serves only to indicate which people were involved in an event. Philosophers and social scientists agree that the ‘we’ cannot be a simple aggregate of individuals who are supposed to share an idea, action or a purpose. There must be more than that, but when they try to give an explanation of what lies behind the ‘we’, they also differ greatly in how they account for it. It becomes essential to reach a clearer and sounder view of what constitutes the ‘we’ as a social subject. The Author claims that most current explanations of the ‘plural subject’ are both ill-founded and inadequate for the job and puts forward an alternative sociological theory, which introduces the concept of the ‘relational subject’, as a more complex and robust concept of what a ‘we-subject’ is. Key words: relational subject, reflexivity, we-relation, relational goods, relational sociology
Globalizzazione e welfare: fra mercificazione e demercificazione digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2009 - 1 | anno: 2009 | numero: 1
Present globalization processes seem to bring along them new modes and levels of commodification of welfare services and policies. Sociological researches show how and to what extent welfare practices and interventions are more and more treated as market commodities instead of being conceived as provisions sensitive to the social and human dimensions of people’s needs. The Author’s thesis is that such a trend is not only due to the neocapitalist character of globalization, but more properly to the ‘lib-lab configurations’ of welfare regimes. These configurations, as different as they may be, are producing the widespreading commodification of welfare, much more than avoiding it. The theory of reflexive modernization does not grasp the issues at stake. In order to understand how advanced societies can (and as a matter of fact) produce the decommodification of welfare provisions, we need to resort to a relational analysis and evaluation of social policies combined with a more sophisticated theory of social reflexivity. The decommodification of welfare is actually brought about by social practices sustained by what Donati calls ‘reflexive relationality’. We can observe it at work in those social spheres that Donati calls ‘social private’ and third sector organizations, as actors of a new civil society.
Metodologia dell’intervento di rete nell’ambito dei servizi sociali e sanitari digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2004 - 4 | anno: 2004 | numero: 4
Social network analysis is one of the most interesting approaches to study Human Interaction. According to John Scott, it comes from two different theoretical «lineages»: the anthropological theory of Manchester’s authors (as Barnes and Mitchell) and the structural analsys of Harvard (Harrison White) that leads to the Graph Theory. Italian sociologist Antonio Chiesi looked into the latter theory, which first proposes to quantify human relations, but he criticizes its inability to analyse the qualitative dimensions of relationships. Therefore Italian sociology tries to study the social dimensions of networks, through the inquiries of Paola Di Nicola, PierPaolo Donati and Lia Sanicola. As a social worker, Sanicola proposes to use «Network Design» to represent networks of social help. To exemplify this approach, the essay shows the results of an Italian research work about Social Support Networks for old patients Care. This work was conducted by teams at the Catholic University of Milan and the University of Bologna, Cagliari and Campobasso, in 2002 and 2003. Research staff (a psycologist, a sociologist and two social workers, with the supervision of Clemente Lanzetti) looked into four cases of old patients and shows the social worker as a «co-ordinator of helping networks», supporting the relation between Informal Care and Formal networks.
Verso un paradigma personalizzante delle istituzioni sociali digital
formato: Articolo | STUDI DI SOCIOLOGIA - 2006 - 3-4 | anno: 2006 | numero: 3-4
On the basis of relational sociology a new paradigm personalizzante (?) of social institutions is outlined here: it links the reformulation of AGIL and M.S. Archer’s erergenziale (?) paradigm asserting that the person emerges in the interaction with social institutions that precedes and exceeds. In the actual new globalized context, the comprehension of the relation between the human person and the institutions passes through a change of the classical model of socialisation.